References

Andrews, M. (1999).  Manual of Voice Treatment Pediatrics Through Geriatrics.  2nd Ed. Singular Publishing Group, San Diego, CA.

 

Baker, Janet. (1999).  A report on alterations to the speaking and singing voices of four women following hormonal therapy with virilizing agents.  Journal of Voice. 1999, vol13; 4; 496-507.

 

Clemente, Carmine D. (1997).  Anatomy, a Regional Atlas of the Human Body.  Urban & Schwarzenberg Munchen, Baltimore, MD. 

 

Colton, R. (1999).  Anatomy of the Vocal Fold Mechanism.  Syracuse University, SPP565 Phonation Disorders Notes.  Available: http://syllabus.syr.edu/SPP/coltonr/Spp565/anatomy/

 

Colton, R., Casper, J. (1996).  Understanding Voice Problems, A Physiological Perspective for Diagnosis and Treatment.  2nd Ed.  Lippicott Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD. 

 

Desai, U. (2000).  Androgens.  VCU School of Pharmacy.  Available: http://www/people.vcu.edu/~urdesai/adg.htm

 

ESPN,  (2000). Anabolic Steroids.  Drugs in Sports. Available: http://espn.go.com/special/s/drugsandsports/steroids.html

 

Kay Elemetrics, (2001).  VisiPitch III, Model 3900.  Available: http://kayelemetrics.com/vpiii.htm 

 

Mottram, D.R. (1988) Drugs in Sport.E. & F.N. Spoon Ltd, Champaign, IL.

 

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), (2001).  Anabolic Steroid Abuse.  Available: http://www.nida.nih.gov/researchreports/steroids/anabolicsteroids2.html

 

Need, A., Durbridge, T., Nordin, B. (1993).  Anabolic Steroids in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis, in Wien Med Wochenschr 1993; 134 (14-15).

 

Zemlin, William R. (1998).  Speech and Hearing Science, Anatomy and Physiology.  3rd Ed.  Prentice-Hall Inc.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

      

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What are androgenic/anabolic steroids?

Effects of androgenic steroids on the voice, general effects

Common uses for androgenic steroids

Implications of androgenic steroid use in voice therapy