Table 3: Definitions and Epistemology/Ontology Roots
TD1 The first type of transorganizational network tells the "good story" of progress through business and masquerades its exploitation behaviors behind Greenwash advertising, public relations, and token efforts to elevate world poverty and environmental degradation.


  • TD2 is defined as seeking to change/resist or be beyond the status quo relations of a dominating TD1 network (Boje, 1979; Boje & Wolfe, 1986). 
  • Following Korten, ... we need a shift from corporate control to democratic corporate governance including worker involvement, community involvement and limitations of corporate behavior. 
TD1s spend millions of dollars selling the public on the inevitability and advisability of global division of labor and the benevolence of multinational corporations and business schools. Advocates of this position such as Harvard Business Professor Rosabeth Kanter, in her book World Class, assert that the future belongs to those who are willing to give up their loyalties to community and nation to seek personal financial success in the global economy.


Postmod TD2
  • There are mod roots to TD2. E.g. in Emery's epistemological foundations in Pepper's Contextualism and Peirce's Abduction. 
  • There are Premod epistemological/ontology roots in work I like from Ivan Illich (see below). 
  • And there is the postmodern resistance to the spectacle of production and consumption that I find in the work of Guy Debord and my colleagues Best and Kellner (below).
  • The multinational corporations are large enough to plan changes in the global division of labor and to influence government, national legislation, and international agreements that perpetuate child labor and environmentally non-sustainable business practices. 


    TD 2 seeks to effect greater democratic control over transnational corporations.


    Multinational corporations without local community interests and values are more easily able to externalize the true costs of production by dumping wastes into the environment which becomes the cost of society to clean up. And I look to a re-reading of Adam Smith's to counter this trend. 

     Press to return to TD tables or to TD Game Board or  dfor a TD narrative.